Monday, July 22, 2019

Differences in Facts And Opinions in News

In his explanation it was stated, "judgmental opinion" is the reporter's personal opinion.This is different from interpretive opinions, namely the opinion in the form of a journalist's interpretation of facts.
Differences in Facts And Opinions in News
So, in writing news, journalists must write or present facts, facts of events, without being added to opinions or opinions.Even if the news is added by journalists' opinions, do not be judgmental, subjective opinions, but must be interpretative opinions, namely the opinions in the form of journalist's interpretation of facts.

In addition to the code of ethics, opinion in writing news is also risky, especially if journalist opinion angers certain parties.

For example, journalists write "... the judge's verdict is too light ...", then the family of the convicted person can "go berserk" to the reporter or the media that contains the news.What are the differences in facts and opinions? We discuss the understanding and differences between facts and opinions.

Understanding Facts
Facts come from Latin, namely factus, meaning things or events that really exist or occur and can be verified.Information that is heard can be called a fact if the information is an event in the form of reality that really exists and occurs

Facts are things (circumstances, events) which are reality; something that really exists or happens, and fulfills the 5W1H news element:
  • What - what happened.
  • Who - Who is involved.
  • When - When did it happen, time.
  • Where - Where the event occurred, place.
  • Why - Why can it happen, background
How - How it happened, process, detail, atmosphere.
Facts are expressed in as objective words as possible. In fact, there are usually objects, people, time, place, events, numbers, and can answer questions with question words, who, where, or what.

The world of journalism is known by three types of facts:
  • First Fact: reporters immediately witness events, are on the scene.
  • Fact Two: reporters are at the crime scene, but not intact, so he asks for information from other parties who witnessed it.
  • Third Fact: reporters are not at the scene and ask for information from other parties who are also not at the scene, but are considered to have expertise related to the events to be covered and reported.
Definition of Opinion
Opinion is opinion, thought, establishment.In the context of journalism, opinion is interpreted as a subjective assessment of journalists or other people about an event.

Journalists must be careful in writing news and must be able to refrain from writing opinions in the news, except in sports news while avoiding "judgment".

The characteristics of sentences or statements that contain opinions usually use possible words, it seems, it could be, very, impossible, preferably.

Sample Facts & Opinions
  • Fact: The judge sentenced him to five years in prison.
  • Opinion: The judge sentenced too lightly to only five years in prison.
  • Examples of Facts & Opinions in News:
  • Fact: Both candidates can answer questions.
  • Opinion: Both candidates can answer questions well.
  • Differences in Facts and Opinions
The following is understanding and differences in facts and opinions according to the BBC.

What are facts?
Facts are something that can be examined and supported by evidence, for example Lionel Messi
was chosen as the world's best player this year (FIFA World Footballer of the Year). We can check this detail by looking at the official FIFA page

Facts are often used in conjunction with research and study. Census (survey of
the population is usually carried out by government departments) is a good example. These facts can be supported by information collected in the census.

For example, according to the UK Government National Statistics 2004, about one in five people in the UK are under 16 years old.

What is opinion?
Opinions are based on beliefs or views. Opinion is not based on evidence that can be examined.
For example, Wayne Rooney is the best soccer player in the English Premier League. Some people might think, there are other players in the English Premier League who are better than Rooney.

Opinions can be found in many types of writing, such as letters from readers (letter to editor) in newspapers.

Readers can make opinion posts, for example "A 24-hour pub license will damage our community."

Readers can write and disagree, for example "A 24-hour license will stop the yobbish hours closing behavior is shocking. "

Combining facts and opinions
The author often mixes facts and opinions. It is not always easy to say whether something is based on facts that can be examined or a person's point of view. Just because someone says something is true, does not mean it is true.

When Can Journalists Have Opinion?
Indeed, the task of reporters is only to report events, to report events, including elements of 5W1H. To think, journalists can write another type of journalistic writing called opinion articles.
Thus a brief review of the Differences in Facts and Opinions in News.


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