Netiquette is the abbreviation of internet etiquette or internet ethics alias polite communication on the internet, such as honest, polite, friendly, and speaking clearly and easily understood.

Status updates, comments, likes, shares, and other communications on the internet (online media / social media) has its ethics, namely communication ethics on the internet (netiquette = internet etiquette).
Communication Ethics on the Internet (Netiquette)
There is courtesy in communicating on the internet as "social adab in cyberspace". Personality, character, character (character), as well as the level of one's faith and insight are reflected in the status, comments, as well as those shared (like & share).

Well educated and uncivilized people are also reflected in their messages and communication style on the internet, both on social media and in comments on news sites.

Many people are very brave to say dirty, obscene, insulting, bullying, or expletives on the internet. One reason is because they or we can comment using fake accounts, fake names, anonymous.

Definition of Ethics
In the communication literature, we know the term "communication ethics". In language, the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI) ethics is "the science of what is good and what is bad and about moral rights and obligations (morals)".

Ethics is often referred to as "etiquette" (étikét), which is "procedure (customs of manners, etc.) in a civilized society in maintaining good relations between fellow human beings" (KBBI).

I prefer the word "ethics" rather than "etiquette" for fear of being confused with the term "e-ticket" (e-ticketting) aka electronic ticket (ticket sales online).

In "simple" language we can interpret the ethics of communication with "courtesy or manners in communication" or "good way of communicating".

Understanding Netiquette - Internet Ethics
The ethics of communication on the internet (netiquette, netiquette - independent of "network etiquette" or "internet etiquette") can be interpreted as "courtesy in communicating on the internet.

Communication forum on the internet a.l. chat, send messages - Direct Message (DM) on Twitter or Inbox on Facebook, write facebook status, "Twitter" on Twitter, write on blogs (websites), and comment on online media (news sites) ".

The ethics of communication on the internet are basically the same as the ethics of communicating in the "real world" in everyday life, such as being honest, using good words (polite), friendly, and speaking clearly and easily understood.

Points of Communication Ethics on the Internet (Netiquette)
One reference to ethics of communication on the internet (cyberspace) is the Virginia Shea article (Netiquette by Virginia Shea, published by Albion Books, San Francisco ( © 1994 Virginia Shea) titled The Core Rule of Netiquette.

Shea mentioned 10 rules when interacting in cyberspace. The point is the same as the ethics of communication in the real world, such as do not hurt, do not offend, speak effectively, do not hesitate to apologize if wrong, and so on.

The following is the ethics of communication on the internet or - in Shea's terms - the core rules of internet ethics (netiquette).

Core Rule of Netiquette
1. Remember the human.

Don't forget, people who read your e-mail or post are human beings who have feelings - can be offended or hurt. So, don't hurt other people's hearts. Don't send emails or posts that might embarrass you.

2. Adhere to the same standards of behavior online that you follow in real life.
Internet communication ethical standards are the same as communication ethics in the real world, such as ethical, respecting the opinions of others, and not and breaking the law (breaking the law is bad Netiquette).

3. Know where you are in cyberspace.
Every online site or forum usually has rules. So, obey the rules. Read the rules before joining. "Watch before jumping" (Lurk before you leap). Realize what forum you are in and how.
4. Respect other people's time and bandwidth.
Post messages that fit the discussion group. Don't ask stupid questions. Read the FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) or "Frequently Asked Questions" (YSD).

Don't post things that are already known to group members (don't waste expert readers' time by posting basic information).

If you don't agree with an online forum, don't waste time "suing" them. Leave it! (If you disagree with the premise of a particular discussion group, don't waste the time and bandwidth of the members by telling them how stupid they are. Just stay away).

5. Make yourself look good online.
Check grammar and spelling (grammar) before posting. Understand what you're saying and make sure it makes sense. Know what you're talking about and make sense.

6. Share expert knowledge.
Share your knowledge and insight. Alms science! Answer the questions if you know.

7. Help keep flame wars under control.
Control your emotions! Don't post anything angry! Do not post or send comments that have a high anger!

There is a saying: Something that starts with anger will produce regret. Do not hesitate to apologize if you are mistaken or offend others.

8. Respect other people's privacy.
Respect people's privacy. Don't read other people's emails, messages or inboxes. Don't read other people's private email.
9. Don't abuse your power.
Don't abuse power. Do not corruption! The more power you have, the more important it is to use it. The more power you have, the more important it is that you use it well.

10. Be forgiving of other people's mistakes.
If someone else is wrong, just forgive ...! However, if the harm is "outrageous", as if it has violated the rule of law, hate speech (utterance of hate), just do it! :)

Thus the discussion about the ethics of communication on the internet alias "courtesy internet" version of Virginia Shea, of course with "a little" modification from me.